What Could Cause Gum Swelling?

Three young people smilingHealthy gums are pink, firm and tight around the teeth. However, gums can become swollen and puffy, and they may bleed easily. In most cases, swollen gums are due to irritation from bacteria, but other issues can also be to blame. Our Houston dentist can help you identify the underlying cause for gum swelling, and restore your gum health.

1. Gingivitis
This bacterial infection is one of the most common causes of swollen gums, and almost half of American adults have some degree of gingivitis. Better attention to dental hygiene and a professional cleaning might be all you need to get your red, swollen, bleeding gums under control if gingivitis is to blame.

2. Hormones
Female hormones trigger changes in your gums that make them more sensitive to bacteria. Women are more likely to have bleeding gums during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and perimenopause. Close attention to dental hygiene and regular dental checkups can help.

3. Medications
Blood thinners and some other medications can affect gum tissue making it more vulnerable to bacteria and prone to swelling.

Swollen gums need to be treated with care. You may need a professional cleaning to remove any buildup that could be irritating sensitive gum tissue. If your gums are tender or painful, an anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can be helpful. Call our dental office today to learn more about managing swollen gums or to schedule an appointment.